Meanwhile, in a Dutch oven, sauté carrot and anchovy fillets in oil until carrot is tender. Stir in the olives, sun-dried tomatoes, garlic, capers, oregano, thyme, fennel and pepper flakes; cook 1 minute longer. Stir in the diced tomatoes, tomato paste and sugar. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer, uncovered, for 10-15 minutes or until thickened.
Drain pasta. Add pasta and basil to sauce mixture; toss to coat. Sprinkle with cheese.