In a jar with a tight fitting lid, combine first 5 ingredients; shake until sugar is dissolved.
For salad, in a heavy skillet, melt butter over med. heat. Add almonds and cook and stir until nuts are toasted, about 4 minutes. Sprinkle with sugar; cook and stir until sugar is melted, about 3 minutes. Spread on foil to cool; break apart.
In a large salad bowl, combine the romaine, cheese and cherries. Shake dressing; drizzle over salad. Sprinkle with sugared almonds and toss to coat.