As of late, I have really wanted to make treats from all my animals, it just seems like a better alternative, sometimes. I found this online, and have adjusted some of the ingredients to better suit my mastiff, Dexter. He shares this with his best friend, RIngo (the Boston terrier) and Pooch Pup, his neighbor doggie friend. Crunchy and they smell great too! Hope you and your pup enjoy a couple a day too.