You are in: Home / Kitchen Dictionary Entry
Lost? Site Map

Kitchen Dictionary: rice

An ancient grain that has been cultivated for centuries. Rice is commercially classified by size: long, medium or short grain. Long-grain rice is 4-5 times its width and is available in white and brown varieties, which are light, dry grains that separate easily when cooked. Basmati rice is a perfumy East Indian variety of long-grain rice.

Short-grain rice has fat, almost round grains that have a higher starch content. When cooked, it tends to be quite moist and viscous, causing the grains to stick together. Also called pearl rice or glutinous rice (although it's gluten-free). Other varieties of short-grain rice are Arborio and Mochi.

Medium-grain rice has a size and character in between the other two.

Rice can be further divided into two other broad categoriess: brown and white. Brown rice is the entire grain with only the inedible outer husk removed. The nutritious, high-fiber bran coating gives it a light tan color, nutlike flavor and chewy texture. Brown rice takes slightly longer to cook. White rice has had the husk, bran and germ removed. Regular white rice is sometimes referred to as polished rice. For converted or parboiled white rice, the unhulled grain has been soaked, pressure-steamed and dried. Converted rice has a pale beige cast and takes slightly longer to cook than regular white rice. Instant or quick white rice has been fully or partially cooked before being dehydrated and packaged.

Also see Wild Rice.

plural: rice

Ingredient

Season: available year-round

Matches well with: almonds, basil, brown sugar, butter, cardamom, cherries, cinnamon, coconut, cream, curry, custard, garlic ginger, lemon, mushrooms, nutmeg, nuts, oranges, parsley, pine nuts, pineapple, raisins, saffron, tomatoes, vanilla, yogurt

Substitutions: 1 cup uncooked converted rice = 1 cup regular uncooked rice or 3 cups cooked; 1 cup uncooked brown rice = 4 cups cooked rice

More Rice Recipes
Popular Rice Recipes
Chinese Fried Rice
Mexican Rice
Chinese Restaurant Fried Rice
Advertisement

Nutrition Facts

Calculated for 1 cup
Amount Per Serving %DV
Calories 675
Calories from Fat 10 (1%)
Total Fat 1.2g 1%
Saturated Fat 0.3g 1%
Monounsaturated Fat 0.0g
Polyunsaturated Fat 0.3g
Trans Fat 0.0g
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 9mg 0%
Potassium 212mg 6%
Total Carbohydrate 147.9g 49%
Dietary Fiber 2.4g 9%
Sugars 2.4g
Protein 13.2g 26%

How is this calculated?

Advertisement