Not as complicated as it looks.This version only looks difficult because I tried to explain the technique carefully for first time makers of this dish. There is another recipe posted for this, but I feel it is too vague. This is the first meat dish that I learned to cook at age 12, so it's not that hard. You can do the exact same thing with cubes of beef, pork, lamb or oxtail. What's with all the optional ingredients you ask? Well traditionally all the ingredients listed are used but who isn't watching their salt and fat intake these days? If I am cooking this for guests, I use the optional ingredients but even then I use low salt versions of the sauces and check with my guests first for dietary restrictions. Either way it's great.