Soak the rice noodles in a large bowl of warm water until just pliable and almost tender, about 20 minutes. Drain noodles well. Stir the fish sauce, vinegar and sugar in a small bowl until the sugar dissolves. Set aside.
Heat the oil in a large wok or nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Add the ginger, chile and garlic and sauté for 1 minute or until the garlic and chile softens and the mixture is fragrant. Add the shrimp and stir-fry until they are pink and opaque in the center, about 2 minutes.
Add the cabbage, 2 cups/160 g of bean sprouts, and half of the cilantro. Add the fish sauce mixture. Stir-fry for 2 minutes or until the cabbage begins to wilt. Add the noodles and toss until the noodles are tender.
Transfer to 4 plates, mounding slightly and dividing equally. Arrange the shrimp around the noodles. Top with the remaining bean sprouts and cilantro. Sprinkle with the peanuts and serve with the lime wedges.