Mama's Katah - Armenian Bread

READY IN: 6hrs 30mins
YIELD: 6 loaves




  • Heat milk and water to 105-110 degrees.
  • Add yeast, with sugar, yogurt or sour cream, in Bowl of Kitchen Aide.
  • Mix in butter, Crisco, (I use butter-flavored) and oil.
  • Add eggs, salt and two cups flour and mix in KitchenAid mixer with dough hook.
  • Add black seeds.
  • Add flour one cup at a time until incorporated and dough comes together on hook. Dough should be soft and slightly sticky. Knead in mixer for 10 minutes, until dough is shiny and smooth.
  • Remove dough from bowl.
  • Place 1 tbl. of oil in bowl and swirl ball of dough and turn dough so that all sides of dough are oiled well.
  • Cover bowl with plastic wrap and a towel and place in warm draft free location for first rising. Warm (not hot) oven is a good place to raise dough.
  • Raise until double in bulk, about 2 hours.
  • Punch down and divide into 6 balls. Cover with plastic and a towel. Rise again until double.
  • Roll out ball of dough on floured surface until as thin as you can make it. about 24 by 12 inches.
  • Spread dough with soft butter.
  • With long side facing you, roll dough jelly roll style, as you would for cinnamon buns. Place two hands in center of rope and roll back and forth, bringing hands to the ends as you roll. Stretch out gently making a long rope, about 32-36 inches, and coil into a round loaf, with seam side on the inside. Tuck end under.
  • Place on sheet pans lined with parchment paper.
  • Roll all balls in the same manner.
  • Place on parchment lined sheet pans, with a few inches between. They shouldn't touch after rising, if possible. Three loaves per pan.
  • Brush loaves with beaten egg and sprinkle with sesame seeds.
  • Allow loaves to rise until double in size, about 1 hour.
  • Bake at 350 degrees in a pre heated oven, for approximately 30 minutes, until golden brown. Rotate pans, halfway through baking.


“This is a very buttery, tasty, soft bread, great with cheese or jam. Good for breakfast. House smells heavenly while baking! Look for Nigella seeds (black caraway seeds) at Middle Eastern grocery stores or if you are lucky enough to have a health food store in your area that sells herbs and spices by the ounce. If not, you can find spices on line. Don't leave them out because they are crucial to flavor of bread.”