I found this recipe in a German cookbook, cannot even remember which one. I needed a recipe to use up all the red currants my mother has growing in the yard.I got tired of making jam. Since many of the berries mature at different times of the year some have to be used frozen or from a jar. It would depend on which time the year you make this, but you can use either or. This is great with pancakes, vanilla ice cream, pound cake etc.