Prep 2 hrs
Cook 3 hrs
I wanted to post a labor intensive but delicious version of this recipe. It is mostly borrowed from cliffordawright.com. This is an all-day type of recipe but there is a lot of waiting and the smell is fantastic -- take your time. Your choice of fish and seafood can vary. I suggest buying fish that you can fillet for two reasons -- 1. fillets are easier to eat 2. you need the carcasses and heads to make the broth. If the store (aka fishmonger) will fillet the fish, make sure that you get the head and carcass for each fish. For a helpful video on how to fillet fish, see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=al4hHFQF40Q&feature=related I used 2 red snapper, a striped bass, and 2 small mackerel. Next time, no mackerel for me -- I'll use sculpin or some type of sea bass. I used only fish with scales (no shellfish, eel, sculpin, ...) because I had guests that keep kosher.
- 4 lbs rockfish (or sculpin, any firm white fish) or 4 lbs red snapper (or sculpin, any firm white fish) or 4 lbs cod (or sculpin, any firm white fish) or 4 lbs halibut (or sculpin, any firm white fish)
- 3 lbs eel (any oily fish ) or 3 lbs mackerel (any oily fish ) or 3 lbs sea bass (any oily fish ) or 3 lbs striped bass (any oily fish ) or 3 lbs mahi mahi (any oily fish )
- 1 dozen clam (optional)
- 1 whole lobster (optional)
- 2 tablespoons butter
- 2 medium onions (1 sliced and 1 medium diced)
- 6 cups cold water
- 1 cup dry white wine
- 2 bouquet garni (1 bay leaf, 4 sprigs thyme, 4 sprigs parsley, 10 peppercorns)
- 1⁄2 cup olive oil
- 6 garlic cloves, minced separated in half
- 1⁄4 teaspoon saffron thread, plus
- 1 pinch saffron thread
- 1 large leek, thinly sliced white and light green parts only
- 1 stalk celery, finely chopped
- 1 carrot, finely chopped
- 1 1⁄2 lbs chopped tomatoes
- 3 pieces orange peel (1-inch pieces ( use a veggie peeler)
- 1⁄2 tablespoon fennel seed (or 6 sprigs fresh fennel greens)
- 2 lbs potatoes, scrubbed and quartered
- 3 cups boiling water (if needed)
- 1 tablespoon tomato paste
- 1 tablespoon anise-flavored liqueur (Pernod, Ouzo, Absinthe, ...)
- 12 slices French bread
- 1⁄2 cup fish stock (see steps below)
- 1 cup white bread, torn into 1 inch cubes crusts removed
- 3 garlic cloves
- 1⁄4 teaspoon salt
- 1⁄4 teaspoon ground red pepper
- 6 saffron threads (they won't let me say pinch!)
- 1 egg yolk
- 1⁄2 cup olive oil
- Preparing the fish. The fish should be cleaned, gutted and scaled. You can then fillet the fish. Cut the fillets in halves or thirds depending on the size. Reserve heads, fins, and carcasses. Remember: do not allow contact between the cut sides of fish fillets and fresh water. If using lobster remove the tail (and halve) and the claws and reserve in the fridge. Split the lobster in half length-wise and clean the inside of the lobster head. Wash clams.
- For the fish stock, cook sliced onion in butter in a stockpot for about 5 minutes. Add fish heads, fins, and carcasses (and lobster body if you're using one) along with 6 cups cold water and the white wine. Add 1 of the bouquet garni. Simmer (low) this for about 2 hours.
- While the stock is cooking, marinade the fillets in 1/4 cup olive oil with a pinch of the saffron threads and half of the garlic in a large bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and allow for at least 2 hours of marinade time.
- Once the stock has completed cooking, strain with a fine sieve or colander. Be sure to squeeze as much juice from the bones and meat as possible. Reserve one half cup of broth for the rouille. Wash the stockpot so that it can be used again to make the soup.
- For the soup, heat the other 1/4 cup olive oil over medium heat and add remaining onion, along with leeks, celery and carrot. Cook for about 10 minutes. Add tomatoes, the remaining garlic, orange peel, 1/4 teaspoon saffron, and fennel to the pot. Add the fish stock and (low) simmer for at least 40 minutes partially covered. About 20 minutes before you are finished, add the potato quarters.
- While the soup is cooking, make the rouille. Soak the bread pieces in the reserved stock. Squeeze the juice out and place bread in food processor. In a mortar and pestle, smash the garlic and salt into a paste. Add the paste in the food processor. Add red pepper, saffron, and egg yolk to food processor. Blend and simultaneously drizzle oil into the mixture. The rouille (it's just a fancy French mayo) should then be refrigerated for about an hour before using and keeps up to a week.
- Once the soup is finished you can cook the fish. First remove the potato and keep warm. Strain the soup again and return to the pot. Bring to a very rapid boil/ "boiling like mad" -- this is to help the oils emulsify. Add lobster tail and claws first -- cook for 1 minute. Then add clams and oily fish -- cook for 1-2 minutes. Then add white fish fillets -- cook for 2-3 minutes. Serve now!
- Serve in large shallow bowls. Place one slice of bread in the bottom of each bowl. Place fish and shellfish on top of bread along with a few pieces of potato. Ladle soup over the top of the fish and bread. Pass rouille (add some to soup and/or spread on your bread) and serve with extra French bread.