Total Time
3hrs 15mins
Prep 15 mins
Cook 3 hrs

The verb 'klevo' in Greek means 'to steal'. This delicious lamb dish is called 'kleftiko' because, it is said, that when Greeks were fighting to liberate themselves from Ottoman Rule and hiding in the mountains, they would seal all the ingredients for this dish in a clay pot, bury it with hot coals under ground, cover with dirt, and allow it to braise, slowly, until done. This way, there were no delicious cooking smells in the air to betray their presence and bring the Ottomans to their hide-out. A romantic story - a lovely dinner. Don't forget some good red wine. Many, for lack of a clay pot (like a bean pot) wrap their kleftiko up well in parchment (a couple of layers) and braise that way.

Ingredients Nutrition


  1. Preheat oven to 325°F.
  2. In a large bowl, combine all ingredients together and toss well with scrupulously clean hands until everything is well-coated. Season generously with pepper, but go a little easier on the salt than you normally would cause the cheese will also lend its salt to the finished dish.
  3. If you have a large clay pot, like a bean pot, assemble the ingredients there, cover with lid, and proceed with recipe. If not, cut 6 large sheets of parchment, distribute the kleftiko mixture evenly amongst the 6 sheets, and wrap up envelope-style. You may need to double-wrap cause you don't want any of the lovely juices this recipe emits to get lost in drainage while braising. A large, covered casserole would work well, too. Basically what you want to do is have as little liquid escape during cooking as possible.
  4. Braise, in the oven, for 3 to 3 1/2 hours. You want the meat to be falling off the bone. Yes, the potatoes and carrot will be very soft and tender, but will be permeated with a deep-rich flavour. Do not judge this dish by the cooking standards you are used to - remember its origins - the conditions these people lived under -- this is gourmet food created during a time of rebellion and should be enjoyed under its own standard.
Most Helpful

This was by far the BEST lamb shank I have ever eaten and I'm a big foodie! I have yet to find a restaurant that can serve lamb this tasty. I'm lucky enough to have a husband who, on his off day, made this for me and I could still smell the wonderful aromas by the time we went to bed. The flavors were incredible. It was FANTASTIC. Thank you for sharing this.

angelique July 20, 2009

Just finished eating it and loved it. I thought the flavours were excellent and the meat was beautifully tender. I did make a few changes to the way i made it. I didnt get any kefalotiri cheese but did have a hard goats cheese which i like so i used that and also i cooked it for about 4 and a half hours at 100C. The only downside was the amount of fat that had melted out of the lamb which i had to skim off before serving

Bibby1979 January 15, 2008

i've made this numerous times, and each time, people just rave about it. however, i do make a few changes, sorry. i always do that, but i just added a teaspoon of cumin, and i substituted feta for the kefalotiri. in any case, it's a great recipe, and it turns out fantastic, even once when i wrapped it in foil packets and cooked it on the grill over indirect heat. thanks so much for a recipe i now make regularly.

anniebell September 04, 2007