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    You are in: Home / Community Forums / Middle East & North Africa / WELCOME TO IRAQ! July 2012
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    WELCOME TO IRAQ! July 2012

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    Thu Jun 28, 2012 1:59 pm
    Forum Host

    ................................................WELCOME TO IRAQ!

    Please join us in the NA/ME Forum as we spend the month of July 2012 in Iraq! Please share information, stories, photos, recipes. You may also tag any Iraqi recipe using the format 'tagging recipe#___ #___ by ______'.

    Here is the cookbook: Visiting Iraq! 7/12 #540090. Happy cooking!

    xo Bethie

    Last edited by Elmotoo on Tue Jul 31, 2012 8:20 pm, edited 2 times in total
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 5:09 pm
    Forum Host
    A *brief* history of Iraq... courtesy of Wikipedia.

    Iraq, known in Classical Antiquity as Mesopotamia, was home to the oldest civilizations in the world,[1][2] with a cultural history of over 10,000 years,[3][4] hence its common epithet, the Cradle of Civilization. Mesopotamia, as part of the larger Fertile Crescent, was a significant part of the Ancient Near East throughout the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Successively ruled by the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Medo-Persian, Seleucid and Parthian empires during the Iron Age and Classical Antiquity, Iraq was conquered by the Arab Rashidun Caliphate in the 7th century AD, and became a center of the Islamic Golden Age during the medieval Abbasid Caliphate. After a series of invasions and conquest by the Mongols and Turks, Iraq fell under Ottoman rule in the 16th century, intermittently falling under Mamluk and Safavid control.
    Ottoman rule ended with World War I, and Iraq came to be administered by the British Empire until the establishment of the Kingdom of Iraq in 1932. The Republic of Iraq was established in 1958 following a coup d'état. The Republic was controlled by Saddam Hussein from 1979 to 2003, into which period falls into the war with Iran and the Gulf War. Saddam Hussein was deposed following the 2003 US-led invasion of the country. Following the invasion, the situation deteriorated to the extent that in 2006-2007, Iraq was on the brink of civil war. However, conditions improved following a surge in U.S. troops in 2007-2008, and the war was declared formally over in December 2011.

    Thu Jun 28, 2012 5:10 pm
    Forum Host
    ART IN IRAQ courtesy of IRAQ Heritage Watch

    It is important to record the lost works because it is part of humanity’s history of art. And, because it particularly presents the 1950s visual efforts to construct an Iraqi national identity by Iraqi artists". Dr. Nada Shabout, Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of North Texas and one of the world's leading authorities on contemporary Iraqi art.

    The History of Art in Iraq

    Throughout the history of Iraq, art has created continuity between the past and present. Art in Iraq has very deep roots; it goes back thousands of years. Mesopotamians used art during the pre-history periods as a method of communication. Even after the invention of a writing system in Mesopotamia in 4000 B.C, ancient residents of Iraq used art to portray and document their daily life and victories. The ancient Mesopotamian artists practiced all forms of art, including painting, sculpture, and decoration.

    Several schools of art arose, each representing the people who lived in a specific era. Each art school shows the impact of Mesopotamian art on the surrounding regions and invaders; on the other hand, it shows the influence of the newcomers on Mesopotamian art. These schools of art produced unique art masterpieces which represent ancient Mesopotamians art.

    As art in Iraq passed through developmental stages, it depended on the earlier schools of art, dating from 5000 B.C. Although Islam prohibited the portrait, especially in the beginning of the Islamic era, Iraqi-Muslim artists established the Islamic Art School, a new school of art which used plant and geometric elements mainly.

    In the beginning of the 20th century, the School of Modern Art in Iraq was founded by Jawad Saleem (1920-1961), an Iraqi artist who is known as the pioneer of modern art in Iraq. Saleem studied sculpture in Paris, (1938-1939), Rome (1939-1940) and London (1946-1949). He established the foundations of modern art in Iraq. Saleem was the founder of the Group of Baghdad for Modern Art, as well as the founder of the Baghdad School of Modern Art to teach this type of art. Later on, several Iraqi artists worked to develop the School of Modern Art in Iraq; these artists included Faik Hassan (1914-1992), Hafidh al-Duroubi (1914-1991), Khalid al-Rahal (1926-2000), Mohammed Ghani (1929-Present), and Ismail Fatah Al-Turk (1934-2004).

    However, although the School of Modern Art represents the new direction in Iraqi Art, Iraqi artists take the themes of their artworks from the rich memory of the past and the deep history of Iraq. They modernize the traditional oriental themes while preserving the spiritual of the past.

    After the American invasion, a new type of artwork (and a new art school direction) arose in Iraq: Concrete Wall Art, or, as some call it, Hope Wall Art. Concrete walls are erected to protect important buildings from mortars and suicide bombers in Iraq. They are plain, big, ugly, grey concrete walls, but “Iraqi artists turn them to big brightly colored murals of, historical scenes, flowers and plenty of doves... all screaming out for peace.” Previously, Iraqi artists had created public art, but its sole purpose was to portray Saddam Hussein in different positions. Today, Iraqi artists are painting the concrete walls for hope, peace, and for Iraq, mainly.

    Thu Jun 28, 2012 5:13 pm
    Forum Host
    Iraq - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette
    Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
    Capital: Baghdad
    Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
    Population: 28,221,180 (July 2008 est.)
    Ethnic Make-up: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
    Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian or other 3% br/> Government: parliamentary democracy

    Language in Iraq
    The official language of Iraq is Arabic. Many other languages are spoken by a variety of ethnic groups, most notably Kurdish. “Iraqi Arabic” (also known as Mesopotamian Arabic [Mesopotamian Qeltu Arabic, Mesopotamian Gelet Arabic, Baghdadi Arabic, Furati, 'Arabi, Arabi, North Syrian Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken in the Mesopotamian basin of Iraq south of Baghdad as well as in neighbouring Iran and eastern Syria.

    Iraqi Society and Culture

    The People
    The Iraqi population includes a number of ethnic groups, about 77% of whom are Arabs, 19% Kurds, and the rest a variety of different groups, including Turkomens, Assyrians, and Armenians. There is also a distinct sub-group of Iraqi Arabs, called the Ma'dan or Marsh Arabs, who inhabit miles of marshy area just above the point at which the Tigris and Euphrates join together.

    The majority of Iraqis are Muslims regardless of ethnicity. Its position in Iraq went through a transition during Saddam Hussein’s regime as the state moved from a secular one to one needing Islam to prop up their actions. At this stage the words “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) was added to the flag. During Saddam’s regime only Sunnis held real power.

    With the overthrow of Saddam’s regime the Shia majority now hold more power and influence than in the past. As well as the power shift people have also been able to express their religious identities a lot more freely.

    The Shia and Sunnis are similar in over 95% of ways. The differences are not as acute as one would think. Essentially the split occurred to the political question of who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as the leader of the community. Major differences between the two occur in jurisprudence (i.e. how to pray, how to marry, inheritance) and minor elements of faith.

    Regardless of orientation Islam prescribes a way of life and it governs political, legal, and social behaviour. It organises one’s daily life and provides moral guidance for both society and the individual. The rules of Islam come from the Quran and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (known as “hadith”).

    Hospitality is an Arab and Muslim tradition deeply engrained in the culture. Visitors are treated as kings and must always be fed and looked after. A tradition within Islam actually stipulates someone is allowed to stay in your home for 3 days before you can question why they are staying and when they will leave, Invitations to a home must be seen as a great honour and never turned down.

    Family and Honour
    Iraqis consider family and honour to be of paramount importance. The extended family or tribe is both a political and social force. Families hold their members responsible for their conduct, since any wrongdoing brings shame to the entire family. Loyalty to the family comes before other social relationships, even business.

    Nepotism is not viewed negatively; in such a culture is naturally makes more sense to offer jobs to family as they are trusted.

    It is common for large extended families to live in the same house, compound, or village. In urban areas, families do not necessarily live in the same house, although they generally live in the same street or suburb at least.

    Etiquette and Customs in Iraq

    Meeting People
    The most common greeting is the handshake coupled with eye contact and a smile.
    The standard Arabic/Islamic greeting is "asalaamu alaikum" ("peace be with you"), to which the response is "wa alaikum salaam" ("and peace be unto you").
    Good friends of the same sex may greet each other with a handshake and a kiss on each cheek, starting with the right.
    Expect to be introduced to each person individually at a small social function. At a large function, you may introduce yourself.

    Gift Giving Etiquette
    If you are invited to an Iraqi’s home, bring a box of cookies, pastries or a box of chocolates. A fruit basket is also appreciated.
    Flowers are being given more and more but only to a hostess.
    If a man must give a gift to a woman, he should say that it is from his wife, mother, sister, or some other female relation.
    A small gift for the children is always a good touch.
    Gifts are given with two hands.
    Gifts are generally not opened when received.

    Dining Etiquette
    The culture of hospitality means Iraqis like to invite people to their homes. If you are invited to a home:

    Check to see if you should remove shoes.
    Dress conservatively and smartly.
    Do not discuss business.
    Iraqi table manners are relatively formal.
    If the meal is on the floor, sit cross-legged or kneel on one knee. Never let your feet touch the food mat.
    Use the right hand for eating and drinking.
    It is considered polite to leave some food on your plate when you have finished eating.

    courtesy of kwintessential

    Last edited by Elmotoo on Mon Jul 02, 2012 10:50 am, edited 1 time in total
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 5:15 pm
    Forum Host

    Visiting Iraq! 7/12 #540090

    ............ ..............................

    a list of **some** of the UNreviewed Iraqi recipes:

    Wonderful Iraqi Shorba (Soup) (Gluten Free) #388925 by UmmBinat
    The Lazy Iraqi #437907 by chef2six
    Pickled Turnip (Lift Makbouse) #216889 by BurtonFanatic
    Meat and Vegetable Casserole - Tepsi Baytinijan #157729 by Charishma_Ramchandani
    Kurdish Stuffed Tomatos #471323 by Stacia_
    Iraqi Style Tabyeet Chicken #351295 by Celticevergreen
    Iraqi Shish Kebab #234055 by luvinlif2k
    Iraqi Qeema (Stew of Chickpeas and Diced Meat) #416200 by Chef Nawal
    Iraqi Layered Fresh Fava Bean/Broad Beans & Rice #420841 by Hudakore
    Iraqi Halawa Halib (Milk Sweet) #272469 by hoda
    Helawat Al Jazr - Iraqi Sweet Carrots #427807 by Coasty
    Fruit & Nut Chocolate Fudge #150715 by bugsbunnyfan
    Baghdadi Pumpkin Jam #262328 by Susiecat too

    Last edited by Elmotoo on Mon Jul 02, 2012 10:51 am, edited 1 time in total
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 5:16 pm
    Forum Host

    Dienia B.
    Iraqi Rice (Timman) #366129 by UmmBinat

    Iraqi Date Sweetmeat (Holwah Tamar) (Gluten Free) #387297 by UmmBinat

    Mia in Germany
    Fried Fish Iraqi Style #442912 by UmmBinat
    Gluten Free Klaicha - Date Filled Cookies #443256 by The Blender Girl
    icon_biggrin.gifGrilled Eggplant Drizzled With Multiple Middle-Eastern Flavours #477503 by UmmBinat
    icon_biggrin.gifHalal Iraqi Stuffed Zucchini (Dolmas) #422834 by UmmBinat


    icon_biggrin.gifIraqi Cardamom Cookies (Hadgi Badah) #187849 by justcallmetoni
    icon_biggrin.gif Watermelon Rind Jam #354739 by Stacia_
    icon_biggrin.gif Iraqi Fried Kabobs #437905 by chef2six

    Leah's Kitchen
    Wonderful Iraqi Shorba (Soup) (Gluten Free) #388925 by UmmBinat

    Last edited by Elmotoo on Tue Jul 24, 2012 6:19 pm, edited 5 times in total
    Dienia B.
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 6:25 pm Groupie
    tagging Iraqi Rice (Timman) 366129 by ummbinat
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 6:59 pm
    Forum Host
    Dienia B. wrote:
    tagging Iraqi Rice (Timman) 366129 by ummbinat

    wave.gif I'll update everything when I get home Monday...
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 9:19 pm Groupie
    Dienia B. wrote:
    tagging Iraqi Rice (Timman) 366129 by ummbinat

    Oh Yay already. Thank you!
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 11:32 pm
    Forum Host
    I will make Iraqi Date Sweetmeat (Holwah Tamar) (Gluten Free) by UB

    Okay, Ladies-I'm out of here. See you all
    on Monday! Happy Cooking!
    Thu Jun 28, 2012 11:38 pm
    Forum Host
    UB's Iraqi Timman recipe is a *super* yummy recipe! ^^

    Those dresses the women are wearing are beautiful!!
    Fri Jun 29, 2012 7:50 am Groupie
    Please add to the cookbook,

    Tomato Breakfast #466206
    Warm Date Syrup & Tahini Platter #479864
    Fri Jun 29, 2012 8:03 am Groupie
    Fri Jun 29, 2012 8:09 am Groupie
    The capital of Iraq is Baghdad not Accra !
    Chef Kate
    Fri Jun 29, 2012 6:11 pm
    Forum Host
    May I recommend a book? It's called "Day of Honey: A Memoir of Food, Love and War" written by Annia Ciezadlo. It's an American married to a Lebanese (both journalists) spending their honeymoon (and time afterwards) in Baghdad and Beirut during the war. I'm about half way through and loving it--though I have yet to try any of the recipes. It's really quite wonderful, using food and cooking as the lens through which to examine the society. Having read her descriptions (rapturous at times) of some of the dishes, I'm really looking forward to trying them.
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