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    You are in: Home / Community Forums / Mexican / Tex-Mex / Southwest United States / Mexico Defined ~ aka Translate please?
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    Mexico Defined ~ aka Translate please?

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    Mama's Kitchen (Hope)
    Mon May 04, 2009 12:53 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    An explanation of some terms and/or titles that may be unfamiliar.



    xxxx





    What is Mexican/Tex-Mex / SW USA cuisine?



    Glad you asked!



    Welcome to Mexican/Tex-Mex / SW USA cuisine 101! We will try our best to introduce you to this unique and wonderful cuisine.


    Let's start with MEXICO!



    Mexican cuisine is known for fiery dishes, intense flavors and abundant varieties of ingredients. Authentic Mexican food takes its roots in Aztec and Mayan traditions combined with a strong influence from Spanish colonists who imported rice, beef, pork, chicken, wine, garlic and onions with the native pre-Columbian foods of maize, tomato, vanilla, avocado, papaya, pineapple, chili pepper, beans, squash, limes, sweet potato, peanut and turkey.

    The most recognized dishes are probably tacos, enchiladas and burritos. Explore deeper and you will find wonderful dishes such as tamales, moles (MOW-lays), sopas, and tortas. Like many countries, ingredients and dishes are influenced by region or location. For example, seafood is more popular in coastal areas, while smaller or more rural areas are more likely to use ingredients such as lizard, iguana, snake, monkey, grasshoppers, and insects in all forms including larva and eggs.

    Although the names may seem strange and even very foreign to you such as cabrito, poblano, barbacoa, or chilaquiles, they can offer your taste buds a new and exciting dining experience.




    Many thanks to Mami Janine for helping to add to this growing list!


    Please let us know if there is anything you would like to see added or explained!







    Aceite = oil
    Aceite de Maiz = corn oil
    Aceite de Nuez = walnut oil
    Aceite de Oliva = olive oil
    acitron/biznaga- made from a cactus (biznaga)
    adobado = food made using adobo
    Adobo - similar to a marinade
    Aguacate = avocado
    Ajo = garlic
    Ajo en Pulvo = garlic powder
    Ajo Granulado = granulated garlic
    Alb�ndigas - meatballs
    Apio = celery
    Arroz = Rice
    Arroz amarillo = yellow rice
    Arroz con camarones - shrimp and rice
    Arroz con lima= rice with lime
    Arroz con pollo - chicken and rice
    Arroz Espa�ol = Spanish rice
    Arroz Verde =green rice
    Ate de Guayaba/ Guayabate- Guava Paste
    Ate- Sweet Quince paste
    Az�car = sugar
    Az�car Glas� = powdered sugar
    Az�car Moreno = brown sugar
    barbacoa- barbeque
    Bicarbonato de Soda = baking soda
    birria- stew
    Bistec a la Mexicana - beefsteak
    bistec picado- pieces of steak- like stir fry
    Bolillos = a hard roll
    Borrachitos- candy
    burrito- filled, folded torilla
    Cabrito = goat
    Cacao = cocoa
    Calabaza =squash
    calabaza- squash
    Caldo - soup
    caldo de camaron= shrimp soup
    caldo de pescado siete mares = bouillabaise of 7 types of fish
    caldo de pollo = of chicken
    caldo de pollo= chicken soup
    caldo de queso, cheese soup
    caldo de res =beef soup
    caldo de tarasca or de tortilla- of tortilla
    Caldo tlalpe�o =chicken,rice and vegetables
    camote- sweet potato
    Ca�a de Az�car = sugar cane
    Canela = cinnamon
    carne asada - roasted meat
    Carne de Cerdo = pork
    Carne de Vaca = beef
    Carne en Su Jugo- Pieces of meat simmered in a tomatillo sauce with beans
    carne guisada - meat in gravy
    Carne Tampique�a, Tampico-style of carne asada
    Carnitas - 'little meats' pieces of meat
    Cassava- Yuca, Manioc
    cebollas=onions
    cecina- salted dried meat
    cemitas - sandwiches
    Cerdo =Pork
    Ceviche = sort of a salsa of seafood "cooked" in citrus
    chapulines = grasshoppers
    charales, small fish, basically a type of smelt
    chicharr�n and chicharrones =
    Chicharros = peas
    chilacayote- type of squash
    chilaquiles
    Chilaxtle- Pork stew with nopales
    chile relleno
    Chile Rellenos- chile stuffed, battered and fried
    Chiles en nogada =
    chilorio
    chilpachole de jaiba
    chimichangas
    choriqueso
    chorizo
    chuletas= chops, -ahumadas= smoked pork chops
    churipo
    Clavo = cloves
    cochinita pibil
    cocido
    c�ctel de camar�n and other seafood cocktails
    Consome = broth or dry bouillon
    Costilla- Beef or pork ribs, cut in short sections and usually cooked in sauce
    Cremas = Cream Soups, usually vegetable
    Cremas de mariscos = seafood soup
    dulce de: (crystallized pieces of)
    Durazno = peach
    Elote - corn
    empanadas
    enchilada (red or green)
    Ensalada = salad
    escamoles= ant larvae
    Extracto de Vainilla = vanilla extract
    fajita = grilled, sliced meat
    Fideo = thin short noodles
    Flautas = flute shape filled tortilla
    Frijoles = beans
    Frijoles charros = drunk beans
    Frijoles negros = black beans
    Frijoles pintos = pinto beans
    Frijoles refritos =Refried beans
    fritadas de camaron
    fruta con chile y cucumbers =fruit and chili and cucumbers (like a smoothie)
    frutas y jicamas - jicama
    frutas y mango
    frutas y melon
    frutas y oranges
    frutas y pineapple
    frutas y watermelon
    Gallina = hen
    Garbanzos- green garbanzo beans steam-roasted and sold as snacks
    Gelatinas- Jello desserts, water or milk based
    glorias - candy
    gorditas
    gringas
    Guacamole, course mix of avocado, onion, etc
    habas= fava beans, usually dried
    Habichuelas = beans
    Harina = flour
    Harina con Levadura = self-raising/self-rising flour
    Harina de Arroz = rice flour
    Harina de Avena = oat flour
    Harina de Cebada = barley flour
    Harina de Reposter�a = pastry/cake flour
    Harina de Soja = soy flour
    Harina Integral de Trigo = whole wheat flour
    Hojuelas de Maiz = cornflakes
    huaraches
    huaunzontles
    Huevos = eggs
    huevos= eggs
    huitlacoche = fungus/smut grown on corn
    Iris bulbs
    Jam�n =Ham
    Jicama
    Leche = milk
    Leche Condensada = condensed milk
    Leche Evaporada = evaporated milk
    lechuga = lettuce
    lengua = tongue
    Lengua = tongue
    Lentejas - lentils
    Levadura = leavening/yeast
    Levadura en Polvo = baking powder
    Lomo- Pork tenderloin, usually cooked and shredded
    longaniza
    machaca
    mancha manteles
    Manteca = lard
    Mantequilla = butter
    Manzanas = apples
    Masa = cornmeal mush
    Mayonesa = mayonnaise
    Mazapan- Similar to marzipan, but made with peanuts or almonds
    Menudo= soup made with innards
    milanesa
    mixiotes
    Mole = generic name for a variety of sauces or dish using that sauce
    Mole de Olla- Beef soup with chile
    molletes
    moronga
    Mostaza = mustard
    Nachos
    Nopales- cactus paddles
    Nopalitos = above, cut in pieces
    Nuez = nuts
    Nuez de Castilla = walnuts
    Nuez Moscada = nutmeg
    Palanquetas- Peanute Brittle
    palomitas- popcorn
    Panceta = bacon
    Papas = potatoes
    parilladas = grilled
    Parmesano = Parmesan cheese
    Pejelagarto asado - type of fish, grilled
    Pescados=Fish
    picadillo - small bits - like sloppy joes
    Pico de gallo- small chopped pieces, like a relish
    Pimienta = pepper (either black or white)
    Pimiento Verde = green pepper
    Pipian- Spicy sauce made with pumpkin seeds
    Poc chuc - barbequed pork
    Pollo = chicken
    pollo asado - grilled chicken
    pollo picado - pieces of chicken
    pollo rostizado - roasted chicken
    Pollo= chicken
    pozole = soup with hominy
    pulpa - pulp
    pulpo- octopus
    quesadillas - cooked tortilla sandwich
    Ra�z de Apio = celery root/celeriac
    Rajas = strips of peppers
    Rajas con crema = pepper stips in cream
    Res= beef
    Ri��nes = kidneys
    Romeritos- Tender rosemary-like green cooked in mole
    Romero = rosemary
    Rompope- Mexican eggnog
    Sal = salt
    Sal de Apio = celery salt
    Salm�n Real = king salmon
    Salm�n Rojo = red salmon
    Salm�n Rosado = pink salmon
    Salpicon de Res- Shredded beef salad
    Salsa de Tomate = ketchup
    Salsas= condiment or dip, sauce
    Semilla de Apio = celery seed
    Sincronizadas- Cheese and ham quesadillas
    Sopa = usually small bits of pasta in broth
    Sopes- Thick, deep fried tortilla filled with beans and meat
    Taco - filled tortilla, eaten like a sandwich
    Tamales = masa and filling wrapped in corn husks
    T� = tea
    T� Verde = green tea
    Ternera = veal
    Terr�n de Az�car = sugar cube
    tocino=Bacon
    Tortas Ahogadas- As above but dunked in salsa and served hot
    Tortas- Sandwiches made with bolillos and assorted fillings
    Tuna = fruit of the prickly pear cactus
    Vainilla = vanilla
    Vinagre de Malta = malt vinegar
    Vinagre de Manzana = apple cider vinegar
    Vinagre de Vino Tinto = red wine vinegar
    Yuca= Cassava, Manioc
    Zanahorias = Carrots



    [quote="Chef #928625"]here's some more terms :
    aceitunas-olives
    achiote/semillas de achiote-annatto seed usd more for coloring than flavor
    aceite de achiote-a colored oil made from frying annatto seeds ,used in southern and yucatecan dishes more than in the north
    ajonjoli/semillas de ajonjoli-sesame seeds
    alambre-skewered meat,kebabs
    a la plancha-cooked on a griddle
    albahaca-basil
    al vapor-steamed
    almendras-almonds
    antojos/antojitos-appetizers
    atole-a thick drink made from fresh corn masa,milk or water,sweetened and usually flavored with cinnamon or fruit(sometimes made with oats instead of masa,in which case it's atole de avenas)
    borrego-lamb
    bacalao-salt cod,also a special salt cod dish prepared for christmas time
    bunuelos-a donut like fritter covered in cinnamon sugar or dipped in a wine sauce
    cacahuates-peanuts
    cajeta-a very thick caramel similar to dulce de leche but usually prepared with goats milk
    capirotada-a bread pudding made with fruit,nuts,cheese ,and sometimes tomatoes
    carne de res-another word for beef
    carne molida-ground meat
    cebollina-scallions
    chachitas-gizzards,usually fried and served with a sauce
    chuleta de carnero-lamb chop
    champurrado -a chocolate and cinnamon flavored atole
    coctel vuelve a la vida-"return to life cocktail"-a seafood cocktail with a little bit of everything-shrimp,octopus,fish,squid...
    comino-cumin
    crema agria-sour cream
    crema dulce-sweet cream(normal cream)
    crema batida-whipped cream cueritos-pickled pig skins,often served on chicharrones

    ejotes-green beans
    esquintes-a snack of corn kernels with all the traditional condiments-mayonaise,chile,lime-served in a cup
    estofada- a stewed dish,with lots of sauce ,but short of soup,often with olives ,served with rice
    flor de jamaica-hibiscus flowers,which are steeped and sweetened to make agua de jamaica
    fresas-strawberries
    gelatina mosaica-a popular snack for kids,'mosaic gelatin' is made from many different colored gelatin,cut into cubes ,and suspended in cream or a white gelatin base
    guisanos de maguey-maguey worms,fried
    chilocuil-red maguey worms
    meocuil-white maguey worms
    helado-ice cream
    hervido-boiled
    higado-liver
    hojas de laurel-bay leaves
    hojas de aguacate-avocado leaves used to flavor many dishes
    hoja santa- a licorice flavored leaf used to flavor fish,stews,and moles
    horchata- a drink made by soaking rice in water or milk overnight ,then finely grinding it with almonds or walnuts and adding cinnamon and sugar
    huevos estrellados-eggs,sunny side up
    huevos revueltos-scrambled eggs
    huevos divorciados-two eggs,fried and served with a red sauce on one side and a green sauce on the other,'divorced eggs'
    huevos motulenos-a fried tortilla topped with refried black beans,fried eggs,red sauce,and decorated with ham,peas,and fried plantains
    jamoncillo-a milk fudge with bits of dried fruit
    langosta-lobster
    licuado-smoothie or shake made with milk and fruit,also called 'batido'
    maranitos-gingerbread cookies shaped like pigs
    manzanilla-chamomile
    miel-honey.also used for syrups
    mondongo-same as menudo-tripe and a type of soup made from it
    mojarra frita-unbattered fried tilapia
    nata-another name for cream
    desnatada-without cream(skimmed)as in leche desnatada-skimmed milk
    natilla-a type of pudding
    naranja-orange
    ostiones-oysters
    pasas de uva/pasitas-raisins
    pastel de tres leches-tres lechescake
    pepitas-pumpkin seeds,usually roasted
    pato-duck
    platanos/platanos machos-plantains
    platanos fritos-fried plantains
    maduros-very ripe plantains
    platanos verdes-unripe green plantains
    polvorones-a very crumbly spanish style cookie,from 'polvo'-dust
    ponche-a hot fruit punch served for christmas
    quelites-a type of mexican green ,cooked like spinach
    queso fundido- very similar to chile con queso
    queso asadero-a cheese made for grilling that holds its shape well
    rabanos-radishes
    rallado-grated
    repollo-cabbage
    sandia-watermelon
    sopa seca-a rice or noodle dish so called (dry soup)because it starts out with a lot of water or broth,which gets absorbed in cooking
    suiza(enchiladas a la suiza)-served with a creamy or white cheese sauce
    telera-a roll,similar to bolillos
    tepache-a fermented drimk made from pineapple rinds,sometimes naturally alcoholic or mixed with tequila
    tlacoyos/tlayudas-a souther dish,these are very large,plate sized corn tortillas,sometimes stuffed with meat or cheese
    totopos-corn chips
    venado/carne de venado-deer,deer meat
    xnipec-a yucatecan salsa made with lots of roasted habaneros
    some other words:
    alas/alita-wimgs
    piernas-legs
    pechuga-breast
    cuellos-necks
    muslos-thighs
    claras(de huevo)-egg whites
    yema(de huevo)-egg yolk
    also a more correct term for cloves would be clavos de olor,as just clavos means 'nails'!
    thanks,i hope somebody finds this helpful![/quote]

    Molly53 wrote:
    Kidneys: riñones (rin-YONE-es).
    Veal: riñones de ternera
    Lamb: riñones de borrego
    Beef: riñones de res
    Pork: riñones de cerdo.


    Last edited by Mama's Kitchen (Hope) on Wed Jan 18, 2012 1:13 pm, edited 7 times in total
    liz@411
    Sat May 09, 2009 9:55 pm
    Semi-Experienced "Sous Chef" Poster
    wow!im hispanic and i didint even what 50% of this was.thanks! icon_wink.gif
    Mama's Kitchen (Hope)
    Mon May 11, 2009 2:29 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    liz@411 wrote:
    wow!im hispanic and i didint even what 50% of this was.thanks! icon_wink.gif


    you are most welcome!


    As you can see, this is a work in progress! If you think of something that should be added please feel free to post it here!
    Vseward (Chef~V)
    Wed May 13, 2009 2:06 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    Wonderful list! Very helpful.

    You can add relleno = "stuffed" yummy.gif icon_wink.gif

    Opps, edited to say..... I found it on your great list icon_lol.gif
    *SimplyME*
    Fri May 15, 2009 5:09 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    I always thought pulpo was Octopus in Spanish? I looked it up and it said pulpa was pulp.
    Mami J
    Fri May 15, 2009 6:14 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    *SimplyME* wrote:
    I always thought pulpo was Octopus in Spanish? I looked it up and it said pulpa was pulp.


    You are right!
    Pulpa would most likely be used to say pulpa de tamarindo= tamarind pulp candy, but these days there are pulpas made with all sorts of fruits, like guava and pineapple...
    I just thought of a few more: icon_wink.gif
    lentejas= lentils
    habas= fava beans, usually dried
    palomitas- popcorn
    chuletas= chops, -ahumadas= smoked pork chops
    costilla= ribs (beef,pork, lamb)
    Mama's Kitchen (Hope)
    Mon May 18, 2009 3:07 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    *SimplyME* wrote:
    I always thought pulpo was Octopus in Spanish? I looked it up and it said pulpa was pulp.


    oooppsie!


    Thank you for finding that TYPO!
    Mama's Kitchen (Hope)
    Mon May 18, 2009 3:08 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    Mami Janine wrote:
    *SimplyME* wrote:
    I always thought pulpo was Octopus in Spanish? I looked it up and it said pulpa was pulp.


    You are right!
    Pulpa would most likely be used to say pulpa de tamarindo= tamarind pulp candy, but these days there are pulpas made with all sorts of fruits, like guava and pineapple...
    I just thought of a few more: icon_wink.gif
    lentejas= lentils
    habas= fava beans, usually dried
    palomitas- popcorn
    chuletas= chops, -ahumadas= smoked pork chops
    costilla= ribs (beef,pork, lamb)



    Thank you!

    Added to the list!
    realbirdlady
    Mon May 18, 2009 6:28 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    guajolote icon_biggrin.gif (It's just more fun to say than pavo.)
    CunSwim
    Wed Jun 03, 2009 12:43 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    Guajolote.....LOL that is sooo true
    CunSwim
    Wed Jun 03, 2009 1:08 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    You are missing "Jugo de Carne" which is different from Carne en su jugo.
    Jugo de carne is a Beef broth that is made from neckbones it is very popular in Steak Houses. We used to have it on our menu and I had a heck of a time translating what it exactly is. It is served with seperate little plates of finely chopped Cilantro, Chile Serrano, Onion and Sherry all to be added to ones liking sometimes they even add oysters or shrimp.

    Calamar = Squid
    Galley Wench
    Tue Aug 11, 2009 5:01 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    Here's a few more common words that I use allot:

    Fish = Pescados
    Carrots = Zanahorias
    Pork = Cerdo
    Ham = Jamn
    Bacon = tocino
    Lettuce = lechuga
    Onions = cebollas
    Molly53
    Sun Sep 27, 2009 8:49 pm
    Forum Host
    Aciete = oil
    Aciete de Maiz = corn oil
    Aciete de Nuez = walnut oil
    Aciete de Oliva = olive oil
    Aguacate = avocado
    Ajo = garlic
    Ajo en Pulvo = garlic powder
    Ajo Granulado = granulated garlic
    Apio = celery
    Azcar = sugar
    Azcar Glas = powdered sugar
    Azcar Moreno = brown sugar
    Bicarbonato de Soda = baking soda
    Cabrito = goat
    Canela = cinnamon
    Carne de Vaca = beef
    Carne de Cerdo = pork
    Chicharros = peas
    Clavo = cloves
    Cacao = cocoa
    Caa de Azcar = sugar cane
    Durazno = peach
    Extracto de Vainilla = vanilla extract
    Gallina = hen
    Habichuelas = beans
    Harina = flour
    Harina de Cebada = barley flour
    Harina de Repostera = pastry/cake flour
    Harina de Avena = oat flour
    Harina de Arroz = rice flour
    Harina con Levadura = self-raising/self-rising flour
    Harina de Soja = soy flour
    Harina Integral de Trigo = whole wheat flour
    Huevos = eggs
    Hojuelas de Maiz = cornflakes
    Leche = milk
    Leche Evaporada = evaporated milk
    Leche Condensada = condensed milk
    Lengua = tongue
    Levadura = leavening/yeast
    Levadura en Polvo = baking powder
    Terrn de Azcar = sugar cube
    Manteca = lard
    Mantequilla = butter
    Manzanas = apples
    Mayonesa = mayonnaise
    Mostaza = mustard
    Nuez = nuts
    Nuez Moscada = nutmeg
    Nuez de Castilla = walnuts
    Pimiento Verde = green pepper
    Panceta = bacon
    Pollo = chicken
    Raz de Apio = celery root/celeriac
    Rines = kidneys
    Romero = rosemary
    Sal = salt
    Sal de Apio = celery salt
    Salmn Real = king salmon
    Salmn Rojo = red salmon
    Salmn Rosado = pink salmon
    Salsa de Tomate = ketchup
    Semilla de Apio = celery seed
    Parmesano = Parmesan cheese
    Pimienta = pepper (either black or white)
    T = tea
    T Verde = green tea
    Ternera = veal
    Tuna = fruit of the prickly pear cactus
    Vainilla = vanilla
    Vinagre de Manzana = apple cider vinegar
    Vinagre de Malta = malt vinegar
    Vinagre de Vino Tinto = red wine vinegar
    Mama's Kitchen (Hope)
    Wed Feb 03, 2010 4:50 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    List updated to here!


    Thank you for adding to our growing list!
    Mami J
    Sun Feb 07, 2010 11:09 pm
    Food.com Groupie
    wave.gif
    A few corrections:

    Ajo en Polvo = garlic powder

    Azcar Glass= powdered sugar

    Caldo tlalpeo =chicken,rice and vegetables--spicy with chipotles

    carne asada - braised meat

    carne guisada - stewed meat

    Carnitas - 'little meats' pieces of meat, made of pork and deep fried

    cemitas - a type of sweet bread

    chicharrn and chicharrones = deep fried pork rinds

    Chicharos = peas

    chilaquiles- tortilla chips served hot with salsa (green or red) and garnished with crumbled or shredded cheese, sour cream and thinly sliced onion

    chilorio- finelly shredded pork cooked in a spicy sauce with pasilla chiles

    cochinita pibil- pork meat marinated and cooked in an achiote and orange juice sauce

    cocido- beef soup

    empanadas- turnovers, with either sweet or savory fillings

    fruta con chile (melons, jicama, cucumbers, papaya, mangoes and other fruits)-- cubed fruit dressed with coarse salt, powdered chile and lime juice

    gorditas- deep fried corn masa "pockets" with savory fillings

    gringas- flour tortilla quesadillas with meat

    huaraches- deep fried, thick corn tortillas topped with meats, refried beans and cheese

    Levadura en Polvo/polvo para hornear = baking powder

    longaniza- similar to chorizo

    milanesa- thinly pounded steak or chicken breast, breaded

    molletes- halved hard rolls filled with refried beans and melted cheese, served with fresh salsa

    moronga- a type of sausage

    Panceta/ tocino = bacon

    picadillo -cooked ground meat seasoned in a spicy tomato sauce
    icon_wink.gif
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